moHiKonTok

Song of independence

১৭৫৭ সালে যে স্বাধীনতার সূর্য ডুবে যায় পলাশীর বাগানে তার জাগরণ আবার ঘটে ১৯৫২ সালের ভাষা আন্দোলনের মাধ্যমে। কবি এর তুলনা করেছেন শহীদ মিনারে সূর্য উদয়ের চিত্রকল্প দিয়ে। ১৯৭১ সালের ২৬সে মার্চ এর গণহত্যার ফল, কঠিন সংগ্রাম, এবং সংগ্রামের মাধ্যমে একটি স্বাধীন ভুখন্ড বাংলাদেশ এর জন্ম হয় - প্রিয় বাংলাদেশ। আমরা স্বাধীনতার স্বাদ পাই। তবুও মানুষ স্বাধীনতার জন্যে আন্দোলন করে। এখনও। তাহলে কি এই স্বাধীনতার অর্থ? কি এর মূলমন্ত্র?

স্বাধীনতাস্বাধীনতা

mohikon poet-tree

The myth of the Hudson River.

The area around the Hudson River in New York was inhabited by indigenous peoples ages before Europeans arrived. The Algonquins, native Americans, lived along the river, the Lenape (also known as the Delaware Indians), the Wappingers, and the Mahicans.  The river was called Ca-ho-ha-ta-te-a (“the river”) by the Iroquois, and it was known as Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk (“river that flows two ways”) by the Mohican tribe who formerly inhabited both banks of the lower portion of the river. The ancient name of the Hudson River in New York is MohiKonTok. The word ‘mohikontok’ has been spelled in various ways in different sources of information.

Who is Hudson?

The Dutch East India Company financed English navigator Henry Hudson in his search for the Northwest Passage. During the search, Hudson decided to sail his ship up to the river that would later be named after him. The navigator Henry Hudson arrived in New York in 1610.

When the river was born?

It was created during the last Ice Age in the Hudson Valley. The most recent ice age, the North American glaciation existed approximately between 20,000 to 30,000 years BC. The other group of people named it, in geological terms, a drowned river. The rising sea levels, after the retreat of the Wisconsin glaciation, have resulted in a marine incursion that drowned the coastal plain and brought salt water above the mouth of the river. A group of people believes that the lake Tears of Cloud was a moving river of ice.

The lake “Tears of Cloud” is located on the second-highest peak among the Adirondack mountains. The river runs along the borderline of New York, and New Jersey.  It is a habitat for many sea animals.  Hudson Canyon is a rich fishing area. 

The Hudson River is about 315 miles long. It is 4,322 feet above sea level. The river is as deep as 200 feet in places. During the maximum point of the last ice age, glaciers covered about 32 percent of the total land of North America. The Hudson River is not a typical river. Hudson is actually a tidal estuary where salt water from the ocean combines with fresh water from the northern tributaries. Saltwater travels from the mouth of NY harbor to the Federal Dam in Troy, Albany, approximately 153 miles.

What lives in the river?

You can catch Striped Bass, Weakfish, Porgy, Eels, and Summer founder from May to November. A Stripped Bass may weigh more than 40 pounds. The Hudson River is much cleaner than in the past. Humpback Whales have made a comeback in New York City.